Examine this population pyramid for Cambodia.

Explain how the following factors might have influenced the shape of this pyramid:

birth rates death rates infant mortality migration gender balance

2011 (Source)



Use a pencil to draw a simple sketch map showing Cambodia’s location in South East Asia. Label neighbouring countries. Draw a box around your map.


Click to open

Read the infographic and create a factfile for Cambodia in your notes.

Add images to illustrate each of the points.

Highlight key information.

Write a paragraph introducing Cambodia and its youthful population.


the impacts (+&-) of Cambodia's youthful population

Watch the start of this documentary and note the positive and negative impacts of Cambodia’s youthful population.



  1. Read pp 14-15 of the document

  2. Describe the population structure of Cambodia (4 marks)

  3. Explain the socio-economic impacts of Cambodia's youthful population (6 marks)



Demographic dividend refers to the economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure, mainly when the share of the working-age population (15 to 64) is larger than the non-working-age share of the population (14 and younger, and 65 and older)".

In other words, it is “a boost in economic productivity that occurs when there are growing numbers of people in the workforce relative to the number of dependents.”

In order for economic growth to occur the younger population must have access to quality education, adequate nutrition and health including access to sexual and reproductive health.


garment industry in cambodia

Cambodia makes clothes for large transnational companies such as H&M and Gap.

The garment industry contributes $5.5 billion to the national economy - that's around one third of the country's GDP (all money earned from the production of goods and services).

However, conditions for workers are often very difficult, with employees working long hours for less than $3 per day. Workers have few rights and can struggle to feed their families.

The large companies which sell these clothes, that you and I buy, make huge profits from this industry. In 2014 H&M made 2,000,000,000 US$ profit.