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Cultural Traits


Describe cultural traits in terms of language, customs, beliefs, dress, images, music, food and technology

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Cultural Traits


Describe cultural traits in terms of language, customs, beliefs, dress, images, music, food and technology

 

culture

the total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values and knowledge which constitute the shared basis of social tradition

cultural hearth

an area that is or has been a rich source of cultural traits

cultural traits

individual components of a cultural complex which may be divided into three categories: sociological, ideological and technological

 
 

INTRODUCTION

Guinness HL Book pp 142 - 144

 

YOUR cultural traits

Create a collage of images with labels showing your cultural traits.

  1. Language
  2. Customs
  3. Beliefs
  4. Dress 
  5. Images
  6. Music 
  7. Food 
  8. Technology
 

READING AND NOTES

Read pp 144-150. Make notes on each of the traits using the grid below.

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Diffusion of Traits


Examine the diffusion of cultural traits resulting from the international movement of workers, tourists and commodities. 

Diffusion of Traits


Examine the diffusion of cultural traits resulting from the international movement of workers, tourists and commodities. 

TOK: To what extent is this an accurate reflection of our shared cultural history?

 
 

definitions

cultural diffusion

1. the process of spreading of cultural traits from one place to another

 

cultural hybridity

1. the extent to which cultures are intermixed

cultural homogeneity

1. the state where different cultures increasingly share common characteristics as a result of adopting shared traits

 

Imperialism as a mechanism for diffusion of culture

 
 

countries where english is an official language

english official language.png
 
 

FURTHER READING

Read and make notes on pp 151 - 154 Guinness HL Book.

 

practice exam question

“Cultural diffusion is a process that takes place in many ways but can be halted by many barriers.” Discuss this statement. (15 marks)

 

markscheme

Pathways for cultural diffusion include the movements of workers and tourists who carry cultural traits with them.

A wide variety of traits could be explored, such as language, religion, arts and music, cuisine, fashion etc. The movement of commodities and the diffusion of the internet and films, orchestrated by technology, TNCs and global media corporations respectively, are other key ways in which “messages” are transmitted.

Military and imperial ventures could also be discussed. A “Trojan horse” strategy of contemporary glocalization could be explored – wherein western cultural icons (for example, denim, burgers etc.) gain access to foreign markets by donning “cultural camouflage”).

MGO membership – notably the EU – also aids cultural transfers by easing restrictions on a variety of flows and pathways for cultural diffusion (such as greater freedom of movement for people or goods).

The barriers may be physical, political, economic or cultural and they can include nationalism and anti-globalisation movements and sentiments. A range of local responses could be explored that challenge cultural imperialism or at least negotiate glocalised outcomes in ways that restrict the pace of cultural change (censorship of Google in China is one example).

To access bands D and E, the answer should be well balanced between coverage of the processes themselves and of possible barriers to their operation. The best answers may look beyond a “black and white” world (where processes of exchange either do or do not operate) and might critically explore ways in which global cultural exchanges are negotiated locally, resulting in partial or selective transfers of culture that bring into being new hybridised cultural forms (language, art, music or cuisine often show a “fusion” of different influences).