Globalisation is the growing interdependence of countries worldwide through the increasing volume and variety of cross-border transactions in goods and services and of international capital flows, and through the more rapid and widespread diffusion of technology.


  1. Write the full definition in the middle of a page of A4 paper.
  2. Highlight and then illustrate the main points in bold.
  3. Practice learning the definition and test a neighbour.

Note key events / concepts / ideas.


Globalisation & neo-liberalism



This is the philosophy that underpins and drives economic globalisation. At its core is a belief in the free market and minimum barriers to the flow of goods, services and capital. It is an extension of the traditional liberal philosophy, which argues for a separation of politics and economics and that markets should be “free” from interference of government. This approach is based on four principles:

Economic growth is paramount: corporations and their agents need to be free to pursue whatever gives them an economic advantage and, in consequence, internal and global markets must be free to operate with little government constraint or regulation.

Free trade benefits all nations - rich or poor - because every nation has a comparative advantage.

Government spending creates inefficiency and waste: although most neo-liberals agree that not all public expenditure is wasteful, many argue that it can be reduced.

In the distribution of economic goods, individual responsibility replaces the concepts of public goods and community.

There are four pillars to the neoliberal approach all of which involve liberalisation (the reduction of rules and restrictions): capital account liberalisation, trade liberalisation, domestic liberalisation, and privatisation.


is the world really shrinking?

  1. Listen to the lecture.
  2. Note key words and ideas in your notes.
  3. Research definitions and examples of these points.


  1. Read and make notes on pp 1-6 Global Interactions book. (Guinness)