1. Watch and name the key issues facing global population (IGCSE Book // 29-31)


Population distribution

The arrangement, or spread, of people living in a given area.

Population density

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area; it is a quantity of type number density.

Total Population / Area (km2)





510, 072, 000 km2

7, 256, 490, 011 pop.


41, 277 km2

8, 121, 830 pop.


17, 098, 242 km2

142, 423, 773 pop.

  1. Calculate the population density for the places above. Show your calculations.

global population distribution and density


List reasons for population distribution (areas of high and low density) under three headings:

PHYSICAL                  ECONOMIC                   HUMAN


skills - Describing distribution and density


high density (x per km2)          low density (x per km2)            

even distribution        north/south/east/west          clustered          

densely populated         sparsely populated


  1. Complete worksheets 1.1 - 1.3
  2. Stick sheets into your notes
  3. Read pp 29 -31 iGCSE Book (Population density and distribution in Botswana and Canada)
  4. Take detailed case study notes for each country
  5. Include data and specific information