(Examine: Consider an argument or concept in a way that uncovers the asumptions and interrelationships of the issue)

Sex ratio below 15 years old by country

global gender gap


Describe the global pattern of gender inequality.

Are there any exceptions in the low income and high income countries?

Why might these anomalies exist?



  1. How could you measure inequality between males and females?
  2. Name 4 focus categories and the data you could collect to measure them.
  3. Compare and contrast your ideas with the video below.




  1. Read Guinness Patterns and Change pp 60-63
  2. Describe how the gender gap is measured.
  3. Name each subindex and describe one variable for each.
  4. Describe the geographic location of the top and bottom 5 countries in the global ranking for gender gap.

global patterns of gender equality

Screen Shot 2014-07-14 at 16.26.19.png

gender equality improves global competitveness


gender inequalitY + education


gender inequaliTY + employment


Gender Equality Research

  1. Resources: Guinness pp 64-73 + Geography all the Way > Core > Populations in Transition > Patterns and Change
  2. Divide the sub topics between the members of the class
  3. Create a synthesised overview of your topic(s) ready to share with another student
  4. Include data, examples and graphics/visuals
  5. Share with the class via presentation or timed share sessions

Exam Question

Examine the view that gender inequalities are a major obstacle to development (15 marks).



There are many possible approaches to this question.

Responses could explain what development is and successfully link the concept to increased gender equality.

Responses are likely to identify and discuss the relative importance of all the MDGs that in some way relate to gender empowerment (goals 1, 3, and 5 especially).

The answer should examine either how not addressing gender issues will hinder development or explain how addressing them will help nations and communities develop. Allow for broad interpretations of development. Candidates could also identify other factors (other than gender inequality) which are also obstacles to development – this would be a valid approach as long as gender inequality is examined and their reasoning is justified.

Responses that arrive at a clear conclusion either agreeing or disagreeing with the viewpoint, after a sound discussion, are likely to be awarded band E or above.


further reading