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Measuring Globalisation

Define globalisation and explain the KOF and AT Kearney indices


Measuring Globalisation

Define globalisation and explain the KOF and AT Kearney indices

How does global power and influence vary spatially?

“Globalisation is the growing interdependence of countries worldwide through the increasing volume and variety of cross-border transactions in goods and services and of international capital flows, and through the more rapid and widespread diffusion of technology.”
— International Monetary Fund (IMF)


  1. Write the definition in the middle of an A4 paper.

  2. Highlight parts and draw pictures around the text to illustrate each of the points.

  3. Watch the video below and conduct internet research into the concept of globalisation.

  4. Add information, statistics, examples etc to your mind map.

  5. How could you categorise the information on your mind map? Which categories would you use?



  • flows of people

  • flows of information

  • flows of ideas

  • flows of capital

  • flows of goods

How could you measure and provide data for the following aspects of globalisation? 

If you had to give a higher weighting to these figures, which would you say are more important as measurements of globalisation?

TASK: In groups, brainstorm ways that the above flows could be measured. Write in your notes and share with the class.



TASK: Make detailed notes on the presentation above.


Weighting of the KOF index

The dimensions are given more or less importance by their weighting as a proportion of the whole

KOF Rankings 2017



  1. Explore the KOF page below and use the graph function to compare two countries of your choice

  2. Describe how the level of globalisation changed over time (refer to data and statistics in your answer)

  3. Suggest reasons for the changes you observe, based on what you know about the countries

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calculating the kof index

  1. Download and read the document

  2. Highlight information relating to how the KOF index is calculated

  3. In three groups, make a mind map explaining how the KOF index measures globalisation



KOF 2010 Map.png

TASK: Draw a simple map to show the spatial distribution of globalised countries. Describe the distribution you observe in a short paragraph.



A composite index (using a mix of variables) created by A.T. Kearney Inc. and Foreign Policy Magazine, measuring the evolution of interconnectedness compared to the base year 1998. The A.T. Kearney Index ranked 72 countries in 2007, combining 12 indicators grouped into 4 categories:

  • Economic integration (e.g. foreign trade)

  • Personal contact (e.g. international phone calls)

  • Technological connectivity (e.g. internet users)

  • Political engagement (e.g. participation in international treaties)

TASK: Make notes on the AT Kearney index and describe how it is different from the KOF index



Use the essay planner to write a plan for the following question. Include details, facts and examples:

Describe how one prominent index measures global interaction. (10 marks)


Global Superpowers

Describe the economic, geopolitical and cultural influence of global superpowers

Global Superpowers

Describe the economic, geopolitical and cultural influence of global superpowers

superpower     ˈsuːpəpaʊə/

  1. a very powerful and influential nation (used especially with reference to the US and the former Soviet Union when these were perceived as the two most powerful nations in the world).

  1. Explore the web page above

  2. Define how power is measured

  3. List the most powerful countries and briefly comment on the reasons for this

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Hegemony is the political, economic, or military predominance or control of one state over others.
— Oxford English Dictionary

The United States Superpower

The United States is considered by some as the world’s only superpower. However, this position is increasingly under question.


China AS A FUTURE Superpower

China’s rapid economic growth and strengthening of military and cultural power have led to many people proposing that China is the world’s next superpower.

China: The New Superpower

  1. Read the two articles. Highlight using three colours: economic, geopolitical & cultural.

  2. To what extent is the USA the world’s only superpower?

  3. Watch the first ten minutes of each documentary. Make notes focusing on these 3 areas.



An alternative hypothesis is that globalisation has led to multiple powerful nations, and that the idea of a single “superpower” is not appropriate to the modern era. If we accept this hypothesis, multilateralism (cooperation between nations) is an increasingly important feature of international relations.

  1. Read and summarise the main arguments made in this article.

  2. In what ways is multilateralism important in a globalised world of superpowers?



To what extent are the USA and China two world superpowers? Add your ideas on a post-it note, USA on the left, China on the right, points applying to both in the middle.

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Powerful Organisations

Powerful organisations and global groups

Powerful Organisations

Powerful organisations and global groups


  1. Read 524-529

  2. Create a 5 minute presentation on one of the powerful organisations/groups

    • G7/G8

    • G20

    • OECD

    • OPEC

    • World Bank

    • International Monetary Fund (IMF)

    • BRICS

    • New Development Bank

    • UN

    • WTO

  3. Include:

    • A short description/history of organisation

    • Its mission/aims/goals and how these influence the world

    • The strengths and successes of the organisation

    • The weaknesses and criticisms of the organisation

    • Quality images to support your text

    • Bibliography







Using examples, explain how powerful organisations influence global interactions. (12 marks)

Consider how powerful organisations infuence the following, at a range of scales (local/regional/global):

  • economy

  • politics

  • culture