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Global Trade


Global trade in materials, manufactured goods and services

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Global Trade


Global trade in materials, manufactured goods and services

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Aid, Loans & Debt Relief


An overview of international aid, loans and debt relief

Aid, Loans & Debt Relief


An overview of international aid, loans and debt relief

 

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Remittances


International remittances from economic migrants

Remittances


International remittances from economic migrants

 

 

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Illegal Flows


Illegal flows, such as trafficked people, counterfeit goods and narcotics

Illegal Flows


Illegal flows, such as trafficked people, counterfeit goods and narcotics

Human trafficking

  • 21 million victims of trafficking around world
  • 40% of trafficked people do forced labour in factories, restaurants & building sites
  • 53% exploited in the sex industry
  • 12 countries reported trafficking for organ removal
  • The rest are involved in begging or armed conflict
  • Most trafficking occurs in own country, others from low income > high income countries

How different places become interconnected by illegal flows in trafficked people

USA UK NIGERIA 

Scale: within US & UK, between Nigeria and 

 

Counterfeit Goods

  • Imports of counterfeit and pirated goods worth $456 billion per year (half a trillion dollars)
  • Same value as global drugs trade
  • 2.5% of global imports. 5% of EU imports
  • US, Italian and French products most affected
  • Counterfeit trade means lost revenues for companies and lower taxes for governments
  • Discourages companies from making expensive research into new products or medicines
  • Most goods originate in middle income countries. China largest top producer of counterfeit and pirated goods

Source

 

Narcotics

Methamphetamine produced in Latin America, using chemicals acquired through legal Chinese channels for illegal purposes, targeted at US buyers; is a perfect example of the international interconnectedness of the drug trade.

  • Global market worth half a trillion dollars
  • Second largest illicit market after counterfeit and pirate goods
  • Harms of the global drug trade fall upon developing countries, particularly those which are in politically fragile circumstances. In these countries, drug trafficking groups’ use of violence can compel governments to “spend greater resources on law enforcement in order to address these attacks on domestic stability, directing funding away from sustainable development”.
  • This conflict between drug trafficking groups and the government in developing countries can be a self-perpetuating cycle that increases poverty, weakens the state, and resultantly may empower trafficking groups. 

Source

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FDI & Outsourcing


Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) & outsourcing by transnational corporations (TNCs), and ways in which this networks places and markets

FDI & Outsourcing


Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) & outsourcing by transnational corporations (TNCs), and ways in which this networks places and markets