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The Leisure Hierarchy


Explain the relationship between urban settlements and recreational and sports facilities in terms of frequency, size, range and catchment area

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The Leisure Hierarchy


Explain the relationship between urban settlements and recreational and sports facilities in terms of frequency, size, range and catchment area

sport: a physical activity involving events and competitions at the national and international scale with professional participants

recreation: a leisure-time activity undertaken voluntarily and for enjoyment. It involves individual pursuits, organised outings and events, and non-paid (non-professional) sports. 

 
 
  1. Based on the definitions above, give examples of recreational and sports facilities.
  2. Conduct two separate image searches for "recreational facility" and "sports facility". Make a list.
  3. Colour code these to indicate where they might be found: village, town, city.
 
 

the settlement hierarchy

 
  1. Explore your local area using Google Maps or Google Earth
  2. Find and note examples of different settlements on to the worksheet above
  3. Annotate examples of recreational facilities for the different settlements
 
 

further reading

 

exam practice

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Intra-Urban Spatial Patterns


Examine the distribution and location of recreational and sports facilities in urban areas and relate the patterns to accessibility, land value and the physical and socio-economic characteristics of each urban zone (from the CBD to the rural–urban fringe)

Intra-Urban Spatial Patterns


Examine the distribution and location of recreational and sports facilities in urban areas and relate the patterns to accessibility, land value and the physical and socio-economic characteristics of each urban zone (from the CBD to the rural–urban fringe)

urban land use models

BURGESS MODEL

 

HOYT MODEL

 

bid rent theory

 
 
 
 

sports and leisure facilities in Lausanne

  • Public parks
  • Sports stadiums
  • LHC Hockey Stadium
  • Golf course
  • Indoor swimming pools
  • Outdoor swimming pools
  • Skate park
  • Tennis courts
  • Running tracks
  • Rowing club
  • Gyms

factors affecting the distribution of leisure facilities

  1. Bid rent theory
  2. Population densities
  3. Socio-economic influences
  4. Government grants / policies
  5. Cultural influences
  6. Accessibility
  7. Transport links
  8. Demographic considerations
  9. Physical factors (e.g. water sports)
  10. Availability of land

TASK

  1. Identify sports and leisure facilities on the map of Lausanne. Mark them.
  2. Draw a straight line from the facility to the space on the edge of the page.
  3. Name the sports/leisure facility.
  4. Note specific factors explaining its location, using factors from the second column.
 

map

 
 

practice exam question

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Urban Regeneration


Discuss the role of sport and recreation in regeneration strategies of urban areas

Urban Regeneration


Discuss the role of sport and recreation in regeneration strategies of urban areas

Urban regeneration: the attempt to reverse urban decline by both improving the physical structure, and, more importantly and elusively, the economy of those areas. In all regeneration programmes, public money is used as an attempt to pump prime private investment into an area.

Why are sporting events often successful ways to make sure urban regeneration takes place?

 
 

urban regeneration in east london

 

RESOURCES

 
 

SUMMARY

Reasons why London 2012 was not successful for urban regeneration:

Reasons why London 2012 was successful for urban regeneration:

  • Many jobs were temporary
  • Unemployment went up in some boroughs during games
  • New housing too expensive for poorer people of Newham
  • Too early to see if there has been any long-term economic/social benefit
  • £9 billion of investment - most into public transport
  • New train station: Stratford International, direct trains to Paris
  • 2 new underground lines
  • One new line on Docklands Light Railway (DLR)
  • Olympic Village > East Village housing 
  • Housing for 8000 people. 40% affordable housing
  • New school - Chobham Academy
  • Media Centre > Data centre and tech startup hub
 
 
 

extension task

Events and Urban Regeneration: London 2012

 
 

exam practice

“Sport and recreation are an effective means of regeneration for urban areas.” Discuss this statement. [10 marks]

 
 

Candidates may agree or disagree with this statement.

Barcelona and Beijing are often given as good examples of how sport can help regenerate a city.

The London 2012 Olympics is considered to be a major success in the regeneration of London’s East End whereas Atlanta and Athens may be examples of where sport has had less success.

Other methods could be discussed, such as property-led regeneration, new retail developments, urban development corporations, provided they are legitimate spin-off effects from the initial investment in sport rather than entirely alternate strategies.

The effectiveness of some strategies may only be evident over the long-term, and it may not be possible to assess “effectiveness” in the case of recent case studies such as the 2012 London Olympics.

Different groups may have differing perspectives on whether the changes are “effective” for them or others, eg those displaced by gentrification or those who do not like the noisy visitors that sport can attract.

At band D, responses are likely to be descriptive and might only consider one side of the argument.

At band E, expect either a wider range of more detailed impacts of sports/recreation regeneration for urban areas or some more explicit discussion of effectiveness.

At band F, expect both.