Golf.jpg
london 2012.jpg
Golf.jpg

International participation and success


Analyse the social, cultural, economic and political factors affecting participation and success in two major international sports

SCROLL DOWN

International participation and success


Analyse the social, cultural, economic and political factors affecting participation and success in two major international sports

 

exam question

Analyse three geographic factors, other than accessibility and affluence, that determine levels of participation in one named sport you have studied. [2 + 2 + 2]

 

MARKSCHEME

Participation may be on a local, national or international scale.

Candidates are expected to consider three distinct factors. 2 marks are available for each developed factor up to a maximum of 6 marks.

The range of answers is wide, but could include socio-economic factors, education levels, funding, investment in infrastructure, marketing, role of governing body, media exposure, or facility requirements.

The answer may focus on the numbers of nations participating in international sports or individuals participating in sports.

There may be other valid approaches, such as levels of spectator participation.

london 2012.jpg

Case study of a contemporary international sports event


Analyse the geographic factors that influenced the choice of venues

Examine the factors affecting the sphere of influence for participants and supporters

Evaluate the short and long-term geographic costs and benefits of hosting such an event at both the local and national level

Case study of a contemporary international sports event


Analyse the geographic factors that influenced the choice of venues

Examine the factors affecting the sphere of influence for participants and supporters

Evaluate the short and long-term geographic costs and benefits of hosting such an event at both the local and national level

 
 

geographic factors that influenced the choice of venues

 
 
 

TASK 1

  1. Watch the videos above and read pp 1&2 of the Geo Active PDF
  2. Explain why Stratford was chosen for the London 2012 Olympics referring to:
    • Socio-economic factors
    • Transport links
    • Physical factors
 
 

Factors affecting the sphere of influence for participants and supporters

The sphere of influence in this context refers to the area from which the London 2012 Olympics draws its participants and supporters. It can be influenced by a number of factors:

  • Popularity of the Olympic games in source countries
  • Wealth or development of source countries
  • Increased mobility of population
  • Impact of competitors increasing interest (e.g. Usain Bolt)
 
 

costs and benefits at the local & national level

 
 

TASK

  1. Read the document
  2. Highlight costs and benefits using two different colours
  3. Add information to your notes
 

exam practice

“Local people do not benefit from hosting an international sporting event.” Discuss this statement. [10 marks]

 

MARKSCHEME

Reasons to agree with the statement include:

  • Organisation of events is usually done at national or international level therefore some leakage can occur. Multinational investment and sponsorship prevents the needs of local people being met.
  • Likely increase in local problems – traffic, house prices etc.
  • Effects are short-term and interest in local issues decreases after event.

Reasons to disagree with the statement include:

  • Legacy of investment in infrastructure and amenities for use by the community
  • Employment provided
  • Inward investment
  • Requirements for sustainable development are more likely to be met.

While examples are not a specific requirement of the question, those answers that provide supporting examples are likely to access the higher markbands.

To access bands E and F, responses should present a balanced discussion that considers both reasons to agree and disagree with the statement and may realise that some benefits are not always clear cut and have a temporal aspect – short-term/long-term.

Marks should be allocated according to the markbands.

Examiners report

The benefits of international sporting events to anyone other than locals (such as major corporations, national economy, etc.) were often totally ignored. Answers were generally stronger on the benefits for the local people but often did not consider longer-term effects beyond the event itself.