sex tourism.jpg
hawaii.jpg
karst tombolo kho phi phi.jpg
cambodia angkor boy.jpg
sex tourism.jpg

Leisure at the national / regional scale: tourism


Case study of a national tourism industry.

Case study of ecotourism.

Tourism as a development strategy.

SCROLL DOWN

Leisure at the national / regional scale: tourism


Case study of a national tourism industry.

Case study of ecotourism.

Tourism as a development strategy.

An investigation into Thailand's well established, multi-faceted tourism industry and its impacts on society, economy and the environment. How saturation is leading to the growth of ecotourism and how the Thai government is developing sustainable tourism. Focused on Chiang Mai, Pattaya and Koh Tao.

hawaii.jpg

Case study of a national tourist industry


Examine the economic, social and environmental impacts of tourism.

Case study of a national tourist industry


Examine the economic, social and environmental impacts of tourism.

 
 
 
 

Geographical Context

1. Write a description of Thailand including a selection of information from the infographic above.

 
 

Maps

Develop your cartographic skills. Include maps in your work and exam answers. Use pencil to identify and name the key geographic features. Add a title, key, compass and scale.

Technology Option

Capture the map using screenshot and annotate using an app such as Skitch. Add these to one, named document. Share task if necessary and save maps in class folder. 

 

Thailand

 

Draw a black and white sketch map.

Locate and mark: 

  • Thailand
  • Bangkok
  • Chiang Rai
  • Pattaya
  • Koh Tao
  • Borders and border countries
 
 
 
 

Overview and context

TO DO:

  1. Read Thai tourism: a short history and describe the historical context of tourism in Thailand.
 
 

economic importance of tourism to thai economy

GDP (total value of goods and services)

employment

 

ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF TOURISM

  1. Download and save this edited document to your device
  2. Define direct and indirect contribution to GDP
  3. Take screenshots of 5 interesting data sets and incorporate them into a presentation or document 
  4. Present this to the class, or:
  5. Write a paragraph summarising the importance of tourism to Thailand's economy
 
 

CASE STUDY: Adventure TOurism in Chiang Rai

Girl from the Karen tribe of northern Thailand, wearing a Casio watch. What does this suggest about the cultural impacts of tourism?

Girl from the Karen tribe of northern Thailand, wearing a Casio watch. What does this suggest about the cultural impacts of tourism?

 
 
 

CASE STUdy: sex tourism in pattaya

Impacts of sex tourism. Bangkok, Thailand.

 
 

Case study: dive tourism in koh tao

Koh Tao is a small island in the south with a high density of dive schools. Learning to dive by completing your PADI certificate is a very popular activity among travellers

Koh Tao is a small island in the south with a high density of dive schools. Learning to dive by completing your PADI certificate is a very popular activity among travellers

 
 
 
 

GROUP PRESENTATION

Create a 10 minute presentation providing an overview of the impacts (socio-cultural, economic and environmental) of one type of tourism in Thailand.

Types of tourism:

  1. Adventure tourism in Chiang Rai
  2. Sex tourism in Pattaya
  3. Dive tourism in Koh Tao

Include:

  • Map and description of location
  • Overview and importance of this type of tourism to the region
  • Positive impacts - socio-cultural, economic, environmental
  • Negative impacts - socio-cultural, economic, environmental
  • Evaluation of the impacts. To what extent is tourism positive?
 

Review

 
 
karst tombolo kho phi phi.jpg

Case study of ecotourism


Evaluate the strategies used to manage and sustain the tourist industry

Case study of ecotourism


Evaluate the strategies used to manage and sustain the tourist industry

Sustainable tourism allows for continuation of activity at the same level for future generations. It minimises the impact of activity on the environment; supports the livelihoods and culture of local people; manages resources to prevent depletion; and reduces the ecological footprint of industry.

Ecotourism is tourism directed towards exotic natural environments, intended to support conservation efforts and observe wildlife.

 
 
  1. Identify the problems created by tourism in Thailand
  2. List and describe the strategies used to manage and sustain the tourism industry.
 
 

Case Study: Ecotourism in UMPHANG, Thailand

 
 
 

strategies to manage and sustain the tourism industry

  1. Download and save this document
  2. Scan the text, identify and highlight two alternative definitions of ecotourism. Add these to your notes.
  3. Read the rest of the document and add to your notes
 
 

ecotourism STRATEGIES // DIAMOND 9

  1. In groups, organise these management strategies to form a diamond.
  2. Most important at the top, least important at the bottom.
  3. Discuss each choice in your group. The goal here is discussion and debate of choices.
  4. Mix the groups and share your thoughts.
  5. Write a summary of your discussion and your top three choices for management of the Ecotourism industry in Umphang.
 
 

independent work

  1. Conduct research into an ecotourism destination in Thailand. Create a document explaining how to get there, the location of the town in Thailand with map and the details of the place to stay.
  2. Focus on what makes this an ecotourist destination and the lengths to which the accommodation meets the criteria of ecotourism.
  3. Share this with the group and decide which one is the best option for an ecotourism holiday.
 
 

further reading - COMMUNITY TOURISM

cambodia angkor boy.jpg

Tourism as a development strategy


Assess the importance of tourism as a development strategy for low-income countries.

Tourism as a development strategy


Assess the importance of tourism as a development strategy for low-income countries.

UNWTO Tourism Stories

List the ways that tourism can contribute to economic development.

 

Tourism can contribute to development and the reduction of poverty in a number of ways. Economic benefits are generally the most important element, but there can be social, environmental and cultural benefits and costs.

Tourism contributes to poverty reduction by providing employment and diversified livelihood opportunities. This in turn provides additional income or contributes to a reduction in vulnerability of the poor by increasing the range of economic opportunities available to individuals and households.

Tourism also contributes to poverty alleviation through direct taxation and the generation of taxable economic growth; taxes can then be used to alleviate poverty through education, health and infrastructure development. It should not be forgotten that some tourism facilities also improve the recreational and leisure opportunities available for the poor themselves at the local level. (Source)

 
 

KEY FACTS

  • Tourism is a massive industry accounting for 9% of global GDP which has huge economic potential for developing countries.
  • In 2016, more than 1 billion people travelled internationally. 40% of those journeys ended up in a developing country.
  • Tourism flows have a huge potential to lift low income countries (LICs) out of poverty.
  • Tourism represents $300 billion per year flowing from rich to poor countries (3 x bigger than the global aid budget).
  • Many small countries have benefitted enormously from tourism, however not all money trickles down to local people.
 
 

tourism and the sustainable development goals

 
 

tourism and economic development

The category of Least Developed Country was first used by the United Nations in 1971 to encourage the international community to recognise these countries as structurally disadvantaged.

Since 1971 only Botswana has graduated from LDC status, and tourism played a very significant role in that process with the annual number of international tourism arrivals increasing by more than half a million visitors between 1985 and 1998.

Cape Verde, Maldives, Samoa and Vanuatu have all been considered for graduation since 1994 and in all four of them tourism has been the single most important factor explaining the socio-economic progress which would form the basis of their graduation. 

In the Maldives, annual visitor arrivals tripled between 1985 and 1998, in the same period the proportion of tourism exports to GNP increased from 75% to 89%, making the Maldives the LDC most dependent on international tourism, followed by Samoa and Vanuatu, both with over 20%.

International arrivals to other LDCs grew fast between 1995 and 1998. Angola and Chad experienced more than 75% growth. Cape Verde, The Gambia, Laos, Mali and Zambia all enjoyed growth above 20%. However, Sudan, Sierra Leone, Sao Tome, Kiribati, Ethiopia, Eritrea, the Central African Republic and Burundi, all saw reductions in international visitor arrivals. (Source)

 

Mongolia

Gambia

 
 

Benefits of Tourism

  • Develops secondary industries to support tourism e.g agriculture, manufacturing, transport and services (The multiplier effect)

  • Tourism is labour intensive and employs a high number of people in different industries

  • Tourism depends on natural capital (wildlife, scenery and beaches) and culture, which are assets owned by the poor

  • Provides an industry in countries that have no exports

  • More jobs are filled by women

Limitations of Tourism

  • High levels of foreign ownership lead to leakage of profits to foreign countries

  • Locals may be displaced from agricultural land and lose access to resources like beaches

  • Tourism is vulnerable to changes in the global economy, losing tourists in times of economic recession

  • International visitor arrivals are vulnerable to conflict, crime, political instability and natural disasters in tourism destinations

  • Tourism requires highly sophisticated marketing that might not always be funded by the government

 

 

EXTENSION TASKS

 
 

exam practice

Examine the view that tourism offers a guaranteed route towards economic development for low-income countries. (10 marks)

 

MARK SCHEME

Answer invites debate around “guaranteed”, in addition to recognizing that there are positives and negatives in any case, which in itself makes the statement controversial.

Economic benefits can be discussed for individuals working in the tourist industry or for national income. Expect details of multiplier effects, foreign earnings. This must be balanced against financial losses (leakage of profits from foreign-owned ventures). Good answers should recognize that tourism is not a one-size-fits-all development strategy: it may not be the best strategy in some cases (and parallel strategies might exist).

For band D, there should be an understanding of how tourism may lead to economic development, and an awareness of the limitations of tourism to economic development.

At band E the general truth of the statement should be explored, using exemplification.

At band F there should be a balanced evaluation.

 
 

NEXT >

< PREVIOUS