1. Read "Why Manage Wetlands" in the article above.


case study: stung treng ramsar site, cambodia

Stung Treng Ramsar Site is situated on the Mekong River between the Lao border and Stung Treng town in Cambodia. It was designated as a Ramsar Site in 1999 because it contains a unique seasonally flooded riverine forest habitat, and is also home to the Irrawady Dolphin Orcaella brevirostris and the Mekong Giant Catfish Pangasianodon gigas.

More than 10,000 people live in or close to the Ramsar Site, and most of them rely on the Mekong for their food and livelihoods. Fish is the major source of protein and is also harvested to be sold. Many other species are also used, such as snails, crabs and frogs for food, and various plants for fuel wood, building, crafts and medicine. The regular flooding of the river supports rice farming using paddies.

The area is subject to a number of threats. Immigration is resulting in increased pressure on the wetland, with the clearance of land for agriculture and increased use of the natural resources. Upstream developments, such as hydro-electric dams and increasing water use by agriculture, are likely to change the river's flow regime, which will affect populations of fish and other aquatic biodiversity. Illegal harvesting activities such as fishing with explosives and collecting turtles and lizards are also having impacts. These pressures not only threaten the area's biodiversity, but also the livelihoods of the people who depend on it.

  1. Draw a sketch map showing the location of Stung Treng

stung treng management plan

  • Collaboration with Mekong Wetlands Biodiversity Programme
  • Documenting value of wetland biodiversity
  • Sharing information about value with local communities
  • Mapping of data collected to show value of wetland biodiversity
  • Providing information to local decision makers to allow then to take this into consideration when planning in the region
  • Community fisheries committee set up in each of the 21 villages
  • Restricting fishing in deep pools and creating fish conservation zones