disparity (n) a great difference.
Patterns and Change Guinness Textbook // 76-90
WHAT IS HUMAN DEVELOPMENT?
- Read pp 76-84 Patterns and Change (Guinness) and add to your notes
- Define 'development'
- What are the limitations of using GNI per capita as a measure of development?
- Create two mind maps:
- explaining the development gap
- consequences of the development gap
Indexes of development
- Read pp 84-89 Guinness Textbook
- Prepare a five minute presentation for your index including:
- a full definition of the index
- explanation of link with development
- observable patterns and trends
- Use the website below to compare data for your index between Switzerland with a low income, Sub-Saharan African country. Show and explain a visual.
- Share presentation with the class.
SINGLE INDEX MEASUREMENTS
- Infant Mortality
COMPOSITE INDEX MEASUREMENTS
- Human Development Index
HDI vs GDP
Click the article to see the data visualisation of correlation between HDI and GDP.
SUMMARY - VALUE OF DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS
Why GNI per capita is NOT a good way of measuring disparities:
- GNI is not a composite indicator such as HDI, which allows more (non-economic) variables to be measured
- GNI does not indicate spatial or demographic disparities within countries
- GNI does not give any indication of human rights, health or gender equality
- GNI does not take into account purchasing power parity
- GNI excludes the informal economy (unofficial work paid in cash)
Strengths of the HDI
It is a composite indicator which measures life expectancy, education and per capita incomes.
- It allows for comparison between regions and countries.
- It has been in existence since 1990 and allows for analysis of change over time.
Weaknesses of the HDI
- It does not take into account environmental cost of development.
- It could be based on unreliable data.
- It is an average and does not show internal disparities.
- It does not measure human rights, levels of corruption, gender equality etc.