disparity (n) a great difference.

Patterns and Change Guinness Textbook // 76-90

 

WHAT IS HUMAN DEVELOPMENT?

 
 
 
 

TASK

  1. Read pp 76-84 Patterns and Change (Guinness) and add to your notes
  2. Define 'development'
  3. What are the limitations of using GNI per capita as a measure of development?
  4. Create two mind maps:
    • explaining the development gap
    • consequences of the development gap
 

Indexes of development

 
 

task

  1. Read pp 84-89 Guinness Textbook
  2. Prepare a five minute presentation for your index including:
    •  a full definition of the index
    • explanation of link with development
    • observable patterns and trends
  3. Use the website below to compare data for your index between Switzerland with a low income, Sub-Saharan African country.  Show and explain a visual.
  4. Share presentation with the class.
 

INDEXES

SINGLE INDEX MEASUREMENTS

  1. Infant Mortality
  2. Education
  3. Nutrition
  4. Income

COMPOSITE INDEX MEASUREMENTS

  1. Marginalization
  2. Human Development Index
 

HDI vs GDP

Click the article to see the data visualisation of correlation between HDI and GDP.

 
 

SUMMARY - VALUE OF DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

Why GNI per capita is NOT a good way of measuring disparities:

  1. GNI is not a composite indicator such as HDI, which allows more (non-economic) variables to be measured
  2. GNI does not indicate spatial or demographic disparities within countries
  3. GNI does not give any indication of human rights, health or gender equality
  4. GNI does not take into account purchasing power parity
  5. GNI excludes the informal economy (unofficial work paid in cash)

Strengths of the HDI

  1. It is a composite indicator which measures life expectancy, education and per capita incomes.

  2. It allows for comparison between regions and countries.
  3. It has been in existence since 1990 and allows for analysis of change over time.

Weaknesses of the HDI

  1. It does not take into account environmental cost of development.
  2. It could be based on unreliable data.
  3. It is an average and does not show internal disparities.
  4. It does not measure human rights, levels of corruption, gender equality etc.

 

 

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