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plate boundary iceland.jpg
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Introduction


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Introduction


This volcanoes and earthquakes unit will be taught using a 'flipped classroom' model. You will access resources at home in preparation for the lesson, which will give us extra time in class to work on projects and consolidate our understanding with our peers.

To do this, we are going to be learning in a real and online classroom. Create an account and join the online classrooms below.

 
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  1. Sign up at khanacademy.org
  2. Visit khanacademy.org/coaches
  3. In the "Add a coach" field, input the class code: J39VEH
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  1. Create a Quizlet account
  2. Click on this link: https://quizlet.com/join/W4sFZ76Bs
  3. Join class
 

task

  1. Join online classrooms for Khan Academy and Quizlet
  2. From Quizlet class, test yourself one time using the Quizlet cards.
  3. On an A3 piece of paper, add things that you know about earthquakes and volcanoes using colour pens
volcano sunset.jpg

Types of eq & volcano


Describe the main types and features of volcanoes and earthquakes

Types of eq & volcano


Describe the main types and features of volcanoes and earthquakes

 
 

earthquake

types of volcano

 
seismograph.jpg

Measuring earthquakes


Compare and contrast the Richter and Mercalli scales

Measuring earthquakes


Compare and contrast the Richter and Mercalli scales

richter scale

  • Measures magnitude of earthquakes (strength and force)
  • 1935 - Charles Richter
  • Measured on seismometer and shown on a seismograph
  • Logarithmic - each point is 10 times stronger than before e.g 6.0 is 10 times stronger than 5.0

mercalli scale

  • Measures intensity of earthquakes 
  • 1906 - Giuseppe Mercalli
  • Measured by effects on man made structures and the environment
  • Effects may be different with distance from earthquake

 

 
 

task

  1. Draw a labelled diagram of a shield and composite volcano. Explain how they are formed by reading p 80.
  2. Explain how the Richter and Mercalli scales are similar and different (compare and contrast) by completing a Venn diagram. Use the information above.
  3. Illustrate the different impacts on the Mercalli scale storyboard by drawing pictures.

 

 
 

PREPARE FOR NEXT LESSON

Login to Khan Academy and then watch these two videos. Pause and take notes. Quiz in next lesson.

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Earth Structure


Describe the internal structure and layers of the earth

Explain how the internal structure of the earth creates plate movement

Earth Structure


Describe the internal structure and layers of the earth

Explain how the internal structure of the earth creates plate movement

  1. Open Socrative Student or go to b.socrative.com
  2. Join Socrative class GEO41
  3. Complete the quiz
 
 

REVIEW

In pairs, draw a diagram to show your understanding of the following points from the homework:

  1. Name the layers of the earth.
  2. Describe how the layers are different in terms of:
    • Thickness
    • Solid vs liquid (viscosity)
    • The materials they are made of
  3. What is the lithosphere and the asthenosphere? How are they different?
  4. Add other information from the videos to your diagram
 
 

EARTH STRUCTURE

Draw a labelled diagram of the earth's internal structure. 

 
 

convection currents

Explain how convection currents in the mantle lead to plate movement.

You could: write a paragraph / draw a labelled diagram / make an Explain Everything

Use the following words in your answer:

core          magma          heats           rises          spreading        crust          cools        plates

 
 

VIDEO

Watch and make notes on the first 10 minutes of this video.

 
 

CHECKLIST

I can:

  • Name the different layers of the earth
  • Describe how the layers are different in terms of material, viscosity, depth
  • Explain the difference between the lithosphere and asthenosphere
  • Explain how convection currents create plate movement
  • Describe the different characteristics of oceanic and continental plates
 
 

HOMEWORK

quakes.100percent.gif

Distribution of Earthquakes & Volcanoes


Describe and explain the distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes

Distribution of Earthquakes & Volcanoes


Describe and explain the distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes

Think about the last lesson and the homework task. With a partner, draw your understanding on A4 paper using coloured pens.

Write down three questions you have. Explain the link between earth structure and plate movement.

 

MAPPING FROM MEMORY

You are going to complete a team task. Each person in the team will see a diagram outside of the class for 10 seconds. You must recreate this diagram as accurately as possible in your teams. The diagram contains names, symbols, lines and colours.

What strategies are you going to use to learn better as a team? Decide now.

 
 
 
 

TEST YOURSELF

Get everything correct and upload a screenshot to the Showbie class discussion.

 
 

PLATE TECTONICS & CONTINENTAL DRIFT

INTERNET RESEARCH

When Alfred Wegener proposed his theory of continental drift in 1912, people thought he was crazy! Research Alfred Wegener and his theory on Continental Drift.

Add notes using the 5 Ws to guide your work:

What     Who     Where     When     Why     How

 
 
 
 

MAP SKILLS

In your groups:

  1. Work out what is happening on your map. Read the title and key.
  2. When you are sure about your map, show the global patterns by drawing on your blank plate boundary map using colour pens.
  3. Include a key to show what the colours mean.

Create 4 groups: 

  • Seismologist
  • Volcanologist
  • Geologist
  • Cartographer
     
     

    EVIDENCE OF PLATE MOVEMENT

    Watch the video and note the different types of evidence for continental drift. Add the information to your map.

     
     

    TEST

    LEARN

     
     

    HOMEWORK

    Log in to EdPuzzle and watch the two videos below. Take notes and draw diagrams.

    plate boundary iceland.jpg

    Plate Boundaries


    Describe plates and their movements (divergent, convergent and constructive)

    Plate Boundaries


    Describe plates and their movements (divergent, convergent and constructive)

    A diver swims between the North Amercian and Eurasian plate on the constructive plate boundary in Iceland [Source]

    A diver swims between the North Amercian and Eurasian plate on the constructive plate boundary in Iceland [Source]

     
     

    REVIEW

     

     

    1. Open Socrative Student or connect to b.socrative.com
    2. Join class GEO41
     
     

    TASK

     

     

    Create a video tutorial explaining what happens at each of the plate boundaries using Explain Everything. The resources have images and text to include in your work.

     
     

    TEST YOURSELF

    1. Complete the quiz
    2. Upload a screenshot showing 100% to Showbie
    earthquakes-by-magnitude-since-1898.jpg

    Causes and Effects of EQ & Volcanoes


    Describe the causes of earthquakes & volcanic eruptions and their effects on people and the environment

    Causes and Effects of EQ & Volcanoes


    Describe the causes of earthquakes & volcanic eruptions and their effects on people and the environment

    Explain to your neighbour what causes plates to move. Draw a diagram and add as many key words as possible.