1. Read and highlight the article
  2. Identify named countries and their type of policy (pro or anti-natal)
  3. Evaluate their success by listing examples of successes and failures

pro-natalist policy



In 1939, the French passed the “Code de la famille”, a complex piece of pro natalist legislation. The pro natalist methods in the policy included:

  • Offering cash incentives to mothers who stayed at home to care for children.
  • Subsidising holidays.
  • Banning the sale of contraceptives (repealed in 1967).

Incentives offered in the policy included:

  • Payment of up to £1064 to couples having their third child.
  • Generous maternity grants.
  • Family allowances to increase the purchasing power of three child families.
  • Maternity leave on near full pay for 20 weeks for the first child to 40 weeks or more for the third child.
  • 100% mortgage and preferential treatment in the allocation of three bedroom council flats.
  • Full tax benefits to parents until the youngest child reaches 18.
  • 30% fare reduction on all public transport for three child families.
  • Pension schemes for mothers/housewives.
  • Child-orientated development policies e.g. provisioning of creches, day nurseries etc.
  • Depending on the family’s income, childcare costs from virtually nothing to around €500 a month for the most well off of families.
  • Nursing mothers are encourage to work part-time or take a weekly day off work.




Having successfully reduced birth rates for two decades, Iran is now trying to increase birth rates to avoid the problems of an ageing population.

Measures include:

  • Sermons urging worshippers to have more children
  • Vasectomies (operation to make men infertile) banned
  • Government budgets for reducing fertility stopped
  • Maternity leave increased from 6 to 9 months
  • Fathers to receive 2 weeks' holiday on birth of child
  • Gold coins given to new births



anti-natalist policy IN CHINA