- Read and highlight the article
- Identify named countries and their type of policy (pro or anti-natal)
- Evaluate their success by listing examples of successes and failures
In 1939, the French passed the “Code de la famille”, a complex piece of pro natalist legislation. The pro natalist methods in the policy included:
- Offering cash incentives to mothers who stayed at home to care for children.
- Subsidising holidays.
- Banning the sale of contraceptives (repealed in 1967).
Incentives offered in the policy included:
- Payment of up to £1064 to couples having their third child.
- Generous maternity grants.
- Family allowances to increase the purchasing power of three child families.
- Maternity leave on near full pay for 20 weeks for the first child to 40 weeks or more for the third child.
- 100% mortgage and preferential treatment in the allocation of three bedroom council flats.
- Full tax benefits to parents until the youngest child reaches 18.
- 30% fare reduction on all public transport for three child families.
- Pension schemes for mothers/housewives.
- Child-orientated development policies e.g. provisioning of creches, day nurseries etc.
- Depending on the family’s income, childcare costs from virtually nothing to around €500 a month for the most well off of families.
- Nursing mothers are encourage to work part-time or take a weekly day off work.
Having successfully reduced birth rates for two decades, Iran is now trying to increase birth rates to avoid the problems of an ageing population.
- Sermons urging worshippers to have more children
- Vasectomies (operation to make men infertile) banned
- Government budgets for reducing fertility stopped
- Maternity leave increased from 6 to 9 months
- Fathers to receive 2 weeks' holiday on birth of child
- Gold coins given to new births