intro

  1. Read and highlight the article
  2. Identify named countries and their type of policy (pro or anti-natal)
  3. Evaluate their success by listing examples of successes and failures
 
 

pro-natalist policy

 
 

FRANCE

In 1939, the French passed the “Code de la famille”, a complex piece of pro natalist legislation. The pro natalist methods in the policy included:

  • Offering cash incentives to mothers who stayed at home to care for children.
  • Subsidising holidays.
  • Banning the sale of contraceptives (repealed in 1967).

Incentives offered in the policy included:

  • Payment of up to £1064 to couples having their third child.
  • Generous maternity grants.
  • Family allowances to increase the purchasing power of three child families.
  • Maternity leave on near full pay for 20 weeks for the first child to 40 weeks or more for the third child.
  • 100% mortgage and preferential treatment in the allocation of three bedroom council flats.
  • Full tax benefits to parents until the youngest child reaches 18.
  • 30% fare reduction on all public transport for three child families.
  • Pension schemes for mothers/housewives.
  • Child-orientated development policies e.g. provisioning of creches, day nurseries etc.
  • Depending on the family’s income, childcare costs from virtually nothing to around €500 a month for the most well off of families.
  • Nursing mothers are encourage to work part-time or take a weekly day off work.

Source

 
 

IRAN

Having successfully reduced birth rates for two decades, Iran is now trying to increase birth rates to avoid the problems of an ageing population.

Measures include:

  • Sermons urging worshippers to have more children
  • Vasectomies (operation to make men infertile) banned
  • Government budgets for reducing fertility stopped
  • Maternity leave increased from 6 to 9 months
  • Fathers to receive 2 weeks' holiday on birth of child
  • Gold coins given to new births
 
 

SINGAPORE

 
 

anti-natalist policy IN CHINA

 

TIMELINE