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Sociocultural Integration


Examine the role of diasporas in preserving culture in one country and the adoption of minority traits by host societies.

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Sociocultural Integration


Examine the role of diasporas in preserving culture in one country and the adoption of minority traits by host societies.

Diaspora: a scattered population whose origin lies within a smaller geographic locale, usually resulting from a movement of the population from its original homeland.
 
  1. Read and highlight the article.
  2. Name 3 famous examples of diaspora communities and provide data explaining their importance.
  3. Explain how diaspora communities facilitate the flow of:
    • goods
    • ideas
    • capital
  4. Describe the benefits of diaspora communities for source and host countries
 
 

caribbean diaspora in the uk

 

how diasporas preserve culture

 
 
 
 

Reasons for emigration

  • Job opportunities aimed at Jamaicans in Britain to help postwar reconstruction in the 1940s
  • Rising crime rates in Jamaica following independence in 1962
  • Slow economic growth in Jamaica
  1. Click on and read the pdf above.
  2. Take bullet point notes on the history of Caribbean recruitment in London.
  3. Write a one paragraph summary.
 

PRESERVATION OF JAMAICAN CULTURE in the uk

NOTTING HILL CARNIVAL, LONDON & THE Notting Hill Race Riots 1958 (Precursor to Notting Hill Carnival)

 

NOTTING HILL CARNIVAL, LONDON

 

caribbean funerals in london

 
 
 
 

Adoption of minority traits by host societies

 
 

influence on music - Jungle drum and bass

 
 

influence on food - jamaican jerk

 
 

influence on language - jamaican patois

 
 

EXAM QUESTION

Using one or more examples, analyse the impact of diasporas on local cultures [10 marks].

 

mark scheme

“Diaspora” describes a scattered community of common ancestry. Diaspora can be a product of migration or of territorial disintegration leaving a cultural group straddling different national borders. Likely examples for analysis will include: Polish, Chinese, Jewish, Indian, Irish, Scottish, English, Caribbean, Nigerian diasporas – but there are of course many other possibilities. Credit should be given to answers that provide clear details of the global diaspora pattern(s).

The preservation of migrant culture is a common diaspora trait, albeit in hybridized or fossilized forms, both of which may be explored, depending on the view taken of what “local culture” means. The adoption of minority diaspora traits by a host country culture (for example, US “melting pot” ideas) is another approach. 

The answer could discuss how the local culture of the origin country (for example, Ireland, Poland) may have been affected, for example, “fossilization” of the tourist industry. Another approach might be to address the great variability in local cultural forms for different parts of a diaspora (for example, comparing Jewish culture in the UK with that of the USA).

The approach taken will depend on the example(s) used and each answer should be credited in terms of its merits and should not be negatively marked if many of the themes suggested by this markscheme are not present but other valid content is provided. 

At the band C/D border, the focus on diaspora may still be insecure (for example, the concept of scattered population not fully understood), or the answer is more concerned with the impacts of a simple migration flow, but the focus on cultural impacts should be secure (alternatively, may have a good grasp of what diaspora is but fails to focus on culture).

At the band D/E border, expect some range of impacts to be addressed for a named and understood diaspora. At band E, the diaspora concept ought to be handled well (may consider cultural impacts for source and various hosts, or compare the cultural traits of different regional communities within the global diaspora).

 
 

plenary

To what extent is Ali G an example of the adoption of minority traits from the West Indies in the UK host society?

 

OPTIONAL viewing

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Indigenous Society


Examine the impact of cultural diffusion on one indigenous and remote society through the influence of international interactions

Indigenous Society


Examine the impact of cultural diffusion on one indigenous and remote society through the influence of international interactions

 
 
 
 
  1. Read 174-175 HL Book
  2. Briefly describe the 5 main objectives of the "decade of the world's indigenous peoples".

INTRODUCTION

 
 

SURVIVAL INTERNATIONAL

  1. Access the web site
  2. Write a summary of the organisation Survival International
  3. Skim read the article and identify examples of cultural diffusion on remote indigenous societies
 
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THE XINGU PEOPLE OF THE AMAZON BASIN

  1. Read pp 176 - 177 HL Book
  2. Create a case study file focusing on the impacts of cultural diffusion on the group, making clear connections with international interactions.
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HomogeniSation and Dilution of Culture


Examine the ways in which international interactions may result in the homogenisation and dilution of culture. 

HomogeniSation and Dilution of Culture


Examine the ways in which international interactions may result in the homogenisation and dilution of culture. 

Why has the McDonald's model proven so successful? Could the same process be applied to other industries/institutions?

 
 

key terms

Cultural homogenisation (n) 

- one of the main aspects of cultural globalisation and refers to the reduction in cultural diversity through the popularisation and diffusion of a wide array of cultural symbols — not only physical objects but customs, ideas and values. (Wikipedia)

 
 

PRACTICE EXAM QUESTION

"International interactions always result in the homogenisation of culture." Discuss this statement. (15 marks)

  1. Identify the key words in this question.
  2. What strategies should you use to approach a discuss exam question?
 
 

different points of view

Cultural interaction has been conceptualised in three general ways, which can overlap:

 
  1. In groups, write the definition on the middle of a piece of paper and add information to explain this to the group
 

collaborative writing

Work in pairs to write an essay response to the following exam question. Elaborate each topic sentence into a paragraph using the resources provided.

 

resources

p 175 HL Book

p 175 HL Book

Mark scheme for IB exam question

Mark scheme for IB exam question

 
 

plenary

What is your position on this exam question? Which camp do you agree with? Justify your views.

"International interactions always result in the homogenisation of culture." Discuss this statement. (15 marks)

  1. HYPERGLOBALISTS (ASSIMILATION)                
  2. TRANSFORMATIONALISTS (ACCULTURATION)                    
  3. AUTARKISTS
 
 

further reading

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Cultural Imperialism


Define and exemplify the concept of cultural imperialism.

Cultural Imperialism


Define and exemplify the concept of cultural imperialism.

 
 

 

Cultural imperialism (n)

the cultural aspects of imperialismImperialism, here, is referring to the creation and maintenance of unequal relationships between civilizations favouring the more powerful civilization. (Wikipedia)

 

task

  1. Read the pages 175, 178-180 of HL Guinness book.
  2. Define McDonaldization.
  3. Summarise 5 arguments in support of cultural imperialism.

 

FURTHER READING

 
 

CULTURAL APPROPRIATION