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Human Activity


Discuss the degree to which human activities in extreme environments are unsustainable.

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Human Activity


Discuss the degree to which human activities in extreme environments are unsustainable.

"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

It contains within it two key concepts:

  • the concept of needs, in particular the essential needs of the world's poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and

  • the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organisation on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs."

Brundtland Report 1987

 

resource extraction in the arctic

what is sustainability?

 
 

GROUP DISCUSSION

To what extent are human activities in extreme environments sustainable?

  1. Review your notes, this website and the study guide and prepare a response to the question.
  2. Write at least two paragraphs stating your position on this question, making reference to the case studies and examples studied.
  3. Be prepared to contribute to the discussion
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Impact


Discuss the potential impact of global climatic change (global warming) on the indigenous populations, settlement and economic activities in extreme environments.

Impact


Discuss the potential impact of global climatic change (global warming) on the indigenous populations, settlement and economic activities in extreme environments.

Climate change refers to a statistically significant variation in either the mean state of the climate or in its variability, persisting for an extended period (typically decades or longer). Climate change may be due to natural internal processes or external forcings, or to persistent anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere or in land use.
— IPCC
 

the battle for the arctic in nunavut, canada

task

  1. Login to EdPuzzle and watch video
  2. Take notes while watching the video and respond to the questions
  3. Summarise the social, economic, environmental and political issues at the end of the film
 

Climate change brings risks to greenland

task

  1. Read the article.
  2. Highlight issues using different colours: social, environmental, economic and political.
  3. Write a summary paragraph in your notes.
 
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MELTING GLACIERS IN ASIA

 
 

impact of climate change on the alpine ski industry

 

In the 1980s there were 10 summer ski destinations in Switzerland. In 2015 there are 2.

 
 
 

exam question

With reference to one or more extreme environments, discuss whether human activities can be sustainable. (10 marks)

Mark Scheme

Extreme environments are characterized by very low population densities. They are generally relatively inaccessible and tend to be viewed as inhospitable to human habitation. Despite this, they provide numerous opportunities for settlement and economic activity.

Agriculture can be sustainable, as long as the carrying capacity of the land is not exceeded. In some areas, this means migrating with herds rather than practising sedentary farming. Tourism offers some possibility for sustainable economic activity, especially in hot areas. However, water shortages may be an issue. Mineral development is unsustainable but can be used as a catalyst for economic development.

Answers should show a good understanding of sustainability.

Answers accessing markbands E/F should include located examples and a range of human activities.