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Unsustainable Tourist Growth


The consequences of unsustainable touristic growth in rural and urban tourism hotspots, including the concept of carrying capacity and possible management options to increase site resilience

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Unsustainable Tourist Growth


The consequences of unsustainable touristic growth in rural and urban tourism hotspots, including the concept of carrying capacity and possible management options to increase site resilience

Venice has a population of around 50,000 people. Each day, 50,000 people visit Venice.

What are the consequences of this phenomenon? Discuss and list your ideas in groups.

 

KEY POINTS

  • Venice population: 55,000. Daily visitors: 50,000

  • Annual carrying capacity for tourism in Venice: 11 million people

  • Annual tourism numbers: 22 million (Of whom only 4 million stay one night or more)

  • Only 2 million visit cultural attractions such as galleries or museums

  • During ten days of the year, daily visits reach 100,000. It is not uncommon to have 200,000 visitors in one day.

  • Visitors exceed the carrying capacity for two thirds of the year.

Source

 
 

CARRYING CAPACITY

"Tourism Carrying Capacity" is defined by the World Tourism Organization as:

“The maximum number of people that may visit a tourist destination at the same time, without causing destruction of the physical, economic, socio-cultural environment and an unacceptable decrease in the quality of visitors' satisfaction”.

Research carrying capacity using the following link. Define the different types of carrying capacity and explain why this concept is often criticsed.

 
 

TOURISM MANAGEMENT IN URBAN HOTSPOTS

BARCELONA, VENICE, ROME

  • Crackdown on Airbnb, doubling the number of inspectors

  • Venice: ban on new tourist accommodation

  • Venice: tourist counters at hot spots

  • Italy: ban on drinking in street at night

  • Italy: ban on going in fountains in Rome

  • Dubrovnik: cameras to monitor people and limit numbers if overcrowded

Other strategies:

  • Increasing police presence in Venice to reduce the number of people sleeping on bridges and swimming in canals

  • 5 Euro tax for wheeled suitcases

  • Turnstiles and barriers for access to St. Mark's Square (proposed)

  • Unauthorised coach tours banned

  • Increasing number of trash cans for litter

 

AMSTERDAM

  • Amsterdam banning new shops aimed at tourists

  • Services aimed directly at tourists e.g. ticket shops, cheese shops, bike rental to be limited

  • Aims to keep centre attractive and liveable for residents

  • Zoning plan to be introduced to better manage tourist services

 
 

TOURISM MANAGEMENT IN RURAL HOTSPOTS

MACHU PICHU, PERU

  • Record visitor numbers

  • Pressure from UNESCO

  • Peruvian government introduce restrictions at citadel

  • Entry only allowed with a tour guide

  • Limits to the number of tickets available

 

BORACAY ISLAND, PHILIPPINES

 
 

Summary Sheet

 

Design and create a set of signs for tourists to help manage tourism for each of the areas listed above.

 
 

Exam Practice

Discuss the strategies designed to manage tourism in one named urban area. [10 marks]

 
 

Mark Scheme

There are a wide range of suitable answers which should be judged on a case-by-case basis. Answers are expected to examine the success or failure of attempts to manage urban tourism. Strategies to promote tourism should be considered as only a small part of the management spectrum.

Answers that simply describe management strategies rather than discussing elements of success or failure should be limited to band D. Those that describe tourism problems without discussing strategies should be limited to band C.

Answers that do not refer to an appropriate example (but discuss a rural location or strategies that relate to sport or leisure rather than tourism) should be limited to band D.

To access bands E and F, answers should refer to an appropriate example.

 
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Sustainable Tourism


Examine the concept of sustainable tourism, including the growth of ecotourism

Sustainable Tourism


Examine the concept of sustainable tourism, including the growth of ecotourism

Sustainable tourism takes full account of its current and future economic, social and environmental impacts, addressing the needs of visitors, the industry, the environment and host communities.
— UNWTO
 

Sustainable tourism allows for continuation of a touristic activity at the same level for future generations. Sustainable tourism achieves this through:

  • minimising the impact of activity on the environment

  • supporting the livelihoods and culture of local people

  • managing resources to prevent depletion

  • reducing the ecological footprint of industry

 
 

CONCEPTUAL DEFINITION

Sustainable tourism development guidelines and management practices are applicable to all forms of tourism in all types of destinations, including mass tourism and the various niche tourism segments. Sustainability principles refer to the environmental, economic, and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development, and a suitable balance must be established between these three dimensions to guarantee its long-term sustainability.


Thus, sustainable tourism should:


1) Make optimal use of environmental resources that constitute a key element in tourism development, maintaining essential ecological processes and helping to conserve natural heritage and biodiversity.

2) Respect the socio-cultural authenticity of host communities, conserve their built and living cultural heritage and traditional values, and contribute to inter-cultural understanding and tolerance.

3) Ensure viable, long-term economic operations, providing socio-economic benefits to all stakeholders that are fairly distributed, including stable employment and income-earning opportunities and social services to host communities, and contributing to poverty alleviation.


Sustainable tourism development requires the informed participation of all relevant stakeholders, as well as strong political leadership to ensure wide participation and consensus building. Achieving sustainable tourism is a continuous process and it requires constant monitoring of impacts, introducing the necessary preventive and/or corrective measures whenever necessary.

Sustainable tourism should also maintain a high level of tourist satisfaction and ensure a meaningful experience to the tourists, raising their awareness about sustainability issues and promoting sustainable tourism practices amongst them.

Source

 

TASK 

  1. Write the definition of sustainable tourism above in the middle of your page.

  2. Read the rest of the document and annotate your definition with extra information about sustainable tourism principles.

 
 

sustainable tourism means business

  1. Read pp 5-6

  2. Explain 6 reasons to adopt a sustainable approach to tourism

  3. Read one of the longer explanations of these reasons, summarise it and share this with the class (pp 9-16)

 
 

sustainable tourism in uganda

Watch the video above from the perspective of one of the thinking hats below:

 

group discussion

To what extent can tourism ever be made sustainable? [10 marks]

  1. Share your thoughts and notes with the group in the role that you were given.

  2. Listen to others, add to your notes.

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Case study of ecotourism


Evaluate the strategies used to manage and sustain the tourist industry

Case study of ecotourism


Evaluate the strategies used to manage and sustain the tourist industry

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What is the story of the goose that laid the golden eggs?

How does this relate to our study of tourism?

 

Ecotourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial mass tourism.

It means responsible travel to natural areas, conserving the environment, and improving the well-being of the local people.

Its purpose may be to educate the traveler, to provide funds for ecological conservation, to directly benefit the economic development and political empowerment of local communities, or to foster respect for different cultures and for human rights. (Source)

 
 
 

CASE STUDY: ECOTOURISM IN COSTA RICA

 
 

Case Study: Ecotourism in Thailand

  1. Identify the problems created by tourism in Thailand

  2. List and describe the strategies used to manage and sustain the tourism industry.

 
 
 
 

strategies to manage and sustain the tourism industry

  1. Download and save this document

  2. Scan the text, identify and highlight two alternative definitions of ecotourism. Add these to your notes.

  3. Read the rest of the document and add to your notes

 
 

ecotourism STRATEGIES // DIAMOND 9

  1. In groups, organise these management strategies to form a diamond.

  2. Most important at the top, least important at the bottom.

  3. Discuss each choice in your group. The goal here is discussion and debate of choices.

  4. Mix the groups and share your thoughts.

  5. Write a summary of your discussion and your top three choices for management of the Ecotourism industry in Umphang.

 
 
 
 

further reading - COMMUNITY TOURISM

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Future International Tourism


Explain the factors influencing future international tourism, including greater use of social media, international security and diaspora growth

Future International Tourism


Explain the factors influencing future international tourism, including greater use of social media, international security and diaspora growth

With reference to data, describe the trend in international tourism arrivals between 1996 and 2016.

What are the implications of this data for future trends in international tourism?

 
 

SOCIAL MEDIA’S INFLUENCE ON FUTURE INTERNATIONAL TOURISM