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Tourism Hotspots


Describe the human and physical factors explaining the growth of rural and urban tourism hotspots, including the role of primary and secondary touristic resources

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Tourism Hotspots


Describe the human and physical factors explaining the growth of rural and urban tourism hotspots, including the role of primary and secondary touristic resources

 
Hotspots are areas of intense sporting or leisure activity that attract above average numbers of visitors.
 

Tourism has evolved from a national activity to an international phenomenon. It is a driver of globalisation with positive and negative consequences for different places. The growth of tourism has been facilitated by the following factors:

  • Improved technology e.g. faster jet planes that can carry more pople

  • Rising wealth - the growth of the global middle class = more people can afford to take flights

  • Cheaper travel - more companies leads to competition and price decreases

  • Greater awareness of foreign destinations

  • Internet booking - easier to find and book flights

  • Political changes e.g. EU and removal of borders

International tourist arrivals grew 7.0% in 2017, the highest increase since the 2009 global economic crisis and well above UNWTO’s longterm forecast of 3.8% per year for the period 2010 to 2020.

Describe the trends in tourist arrivals between 1996-2012.

When describing trends, aim to do the following things:

  1. describe the general, overall change between the two dates for all regions

  2. identify periods of time with faster or slower growth/decline

  3. identify any anomalies or outliers - were there any periods of decline for example?

  4. provide data to illustrate the changes

 
 

THE butler model OF TOURIST DEVELOPMENT

As tourist destinations receive more visitors, there is a risk that carrying capacity is reached damaging the long term sustainability of the destination. The Butler Model is a theory of tourist area evolution that attempts to explain this change.

  1. Draw the Butler model into your notes

  2. Add labels explaining each stage

  3. Suggest a named place for each of the stages

TOK QUESTION

To what extent can we trust a “proven” theory?

Discuss this in small groups and get ready to share your ideas with the class.

 
 

HUMAN AND PHYSICAL FACTORS EXPLAINING THE GROWTH OF RURAL AND URBAN TOURISM HOTSPOTS

The degree to which a place is attractive to tourists depends on the primary and secondary tourist resources available.

Secondary tourist/recreational resources

Facilities that have been built specifically for tourism and leisure e.g. infrastructure, accommodation, catering, entertainment, shopping etc. 

Primary tourist resources

The pre-existing attractions for tourism or recreation (not built specifically for the purpose), e.g. climate, scenery, wildlife, indigenous people, cuisine, cultural and heritage sites etc.

 

Using the definitions above, label the photos of tourist hotspots with the primary and secondary resources available. Download the worksheet here.

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Sphere of Influence


Explain variations in sphere of influence for different kinds of sporting and touristic facility, including neighbourhood parks and gyms, city stadiums and national parks

Sphere of Influence


Explain variations in sphere of influence for different kinds of sporting and touristic facility, including neighbourhood parks and gyms, city stadiums and national parks

What is the furthest you have travelled to……

  • Visit a neighbourhood park?

  • Go to the gym?

  • Watch a sporting event at a stadium? e.g. Champions League final

  • Visit a national park? e.g. Grand Canyon

  • Get/see something you really wanted?

 
 

KEY TERMS

sphere of influence

the area from which a facility or attraction draws its support

threshold population

the minimum number of people required by a facility or attraction to continue functioning

range

the maximum distance people are willing to travel to visit a facility or attraction

 
 
 

INTRA-URBAN SPATIAL PATTERNS

Sporting and recreational facilities are located in different areas of urban areas for a variety of reasons. This often follow patterns that are similar in many different cities.

Here we are trying to explain the pattern of distribution in Lausanne by finding examples and attempting to explain why they are found where they are.

sports and leisure facilities in Lausanne

  • Public park

  • LHC Hockey Stadium

  • Golf course

  • Indoor swimming pool

  • Outdoor swimming pool

  • Skate park

  • Tennis courts

  • Running tracks

  • Rowing club

  • Gyms

factors affecting the distribution of leisure facilities

  1. Land values

  2. Population densities

  3. Socio-economic influences

  4. Government grants / policies

  5. Accessibility e.g parking

  6. Transport links

  7. Physical factors e.g. water sports

  8. Availability of land

 
 

TASK

  1. Identify sports and leisure facilities on the map of Lausanne. Mark them.

  2. Draw a straight line from the facility to the space on the edge of the page.

  3. Name the sports/leisure facility.

  4. Note specific factors explaining its location, using factors from the second column.

 
 

practice exam question

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Case Study of a national sports league


Explain the hierarchy of a league and the location of its teams

Examine the relationship between team location and the residence of its supporters

Case Study of a national sports league


Explain the hierarchy of a league and the location of its teams

Examine the relationship between team location and the residence of its supporters

 
 
Click above to access quiz game

Click above to access quiz game

USA STATES QUIZ GAME 

Teacher:

  1. Click on image on right

  2. Display pin

Student:

  1. Go to kahoot.it

  2. Enter pin displayed on board

  3. Practise your USA state knowledge

 
 

THE NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION (NBA)

 
 

EXPLAIN THE HIERARCHY OF THE NBA

Click here and find out about the hierarchy of the NBA league

Click here and find out about the hierarchy of the NBA league

NBA stands for National Basketball Association and NBA team is a tribute bestowed on the finest players in the basketball league, that is followed in each NBA season. NBA team hierarchy will enlist all the teams that take part in every league of the NBA season.

These teams are broadly divided into two partsWestern Conference and Eastern Conference. These groups are further sub-divided into divisions.

These groups & sub groups cannot be classified depending upon their power or authority since they all have got equal rights and power. Thus, there cannot be various levels among these teams. However, these can still be arranged in a systematic manner in a hierarchical format to understand the exact arrangement.

 

TASK 1

  1. Write a summary of the paragraph above.

  2. Study the hierarchy diagram. Make your own version.

  3. Answer the exam question:

"For one named sports league you have studied, describe the hierarchy of its teams. (4 marks)" 

 
 

FACTORS THAT explain THE LOCATION OF NBA TEAMS

Here we are trying to explain why teams are located where they are. This is primarily linked to population density, but other factors have influenced this distribution.

Population Densities

 

Socio-Economic Factors

Some teams have relocated city and kept their name.

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College Location

Historical Factors

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Proximity to Competing Teams

 
 

TASK 2

Write a paragraph describing and explaining the location and distribution of the NBA teams.

Use the following titles to write a brief paragraph for each one:

  • population density

  • socio-economic factors

  • cultural and historical factors

  • government and private investment

  • proximity to competing teams

 
 

exam question:

Referring to a national sports league you have studied, explain the factors that have determined the home location of its teams. [6 marks]

Mark Scheme

Answers will vary depending upon the sport chosen and its context but must examine a sports league of national importance. Factors are likely to include:

  • population density,

  • socio-economic factors,

  • cultural and historical factors,

  • government and private investment, and

  • proximity to competing teams.

There are other valid responses that should be credited. 

Award up to [3 marks] for each factor that is well-explained. A wider range of factors can compensate for less depth. A generic answer, or one using an inappropriate example, should not be awarded more than [3 marks].

 

 
 

NBA: team location & residence of supporters

 
 
 

task 3

  1. Explore the distribution of supporters for three different NBA teams using the webpage above

  2. Take screen shots of interesting patterns at different levels of coverage

  3. Import them into a document

  4. Describe the distribution shown

  5. Suggest reasons for the distribution

 
 

optional ACTIVITY

nfl: team location and residence of supporters