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Chernobyl: Responses and Consequences


Describe one major pollution event affecting more than one country and examine the consequences of and responses to this event

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Chernobyl: Responses and Consequences


Describe one major pollution event affecting more than one country and examine the consequences of and responses to this event

 
 
 
  1. Draw a sketch map showing Pripyat, Ukraine. Add title.
 
 

the chernobyl disaster: april 26, 1986

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

chernobyl after the nuclear explosion

 
 
 

short and long-term consequences

  1. In two groups, research the short-term and long-term effects of the Chernobyl disaster across Europe
  2. Annotate a blank map of Europe showing the spatial impact
  3. Highlight the short and long term effects with two colours.
 

map

 
 

exam practice

Analyse the consequences of one specific transboundary pollution event. [10 marks]

 

mark scheme

A transboundary pollution event is one which has damaging effects for more than one country. It is most likely that candidates will analyse a major oil spill or air pollution event. “Event” strongly suggests a single dated occurrence but some credit should still be given to an account of a more pervasive problem (such as acid rain).

Thus, for band E, the account must clearly relate to transboundary pollution (thus the pollution type is named, for example, sulphur dioxide or crude oil; affected states are clearly identified). Further, the temporal aspect should be addressed: if not a single event (for example, an oil spill) then a period (year or decade) must be identified (giving us a broad interpretation of “event”). If both are there, band E is possible.

It should be made explicit who is affected and why the event is “transboundary”. The consequences may include: immediate ecological and environmental harm; longer clear-up operations; subsequent changes in national and/or international legislature; implications for the polluter (such as poor publicity and “PR nightmare” for TNCs).

The best answers may have a range of varied consequences (such as political/governance response) and will not simply focus on ecological damage.

Pollution events such as the Bhopal incident are not transboundary but may achieve band C if the concept of transnational has been well explored (idea of TNCs moving their pollution/unsafe operations overseas). The movement of recycling wastes to China may be marked in the same way (it is hardly an event, but some limited credit for the transboundary/transnational aspects of the case study could be given if it has been well written).

 

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Environmental Awareness


Examine the growth of environmental awareness as a consequence of these global interactions

Environmental Awareness


Examine the growth of environmental awareness as a consequence of these global interactions

What is the link between this image and the birth of environmental awareness?

Earthrise is a photograph of the Earth and parts of the Moon's surface taken by astronaut William Anders in 1968, during the Apollo 8 mission. Nature photographer Galen Rowell declared it "the most influential environmental photograph ever taken." (Source)

 

NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) recently captured this amazing Overview of Earth while orbiting around the moon. This individual image was composed from a series of shots taken on October 12 2015 when the LRO was about 83 miles (134 kilometers) above the moon and traveling faster than 3,580 miles per hour (over 1,600 meters per second) relative to the lunar surface below. Image courtesy of NASA. [source]

 

key outcomes of earthrise

  1. birth of ideas such as sustainable development

  2. birth and growth of pressure groups and environmental organisations such as Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth, both founded in 1971

  3. the rise of the influence of these organisations in Big Government - the US Environment Protection Agency was founded in 1970; Britain's Department of the Environment in 1972
 

task

  1. What is Earthrise and why is it important for the birth of environmental awareness?
  2. Read and make notes on pp 125-126 HL book
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Civil Society


Examine the role of one international civil society organization in fostering improved environmental management

Civil Society


Examine the role of one international civil society organization in fostering improved environmental management

 
 

THE HISTORY OF GREENPEACE

Introduction [3:33]

Full history [47.54]

 
 

TASK

  1. Research and note key facts about the Greenpeace organisation
  2. Create a mind map showing the main focus of Greenpeace using the bullet points from pp 125-126 HL book
  3. Watch documentary and take detailed notes