patterns and trends in physical and economic water scarcity

  1. Work in two groups: patterns and trends
  2. Identify information relating to your topic
  3. Define physical water scarcity and economic water scarcity

patterns in water scarcity

  1. Colour areas of water scarcity on the blank world map below
  2. Describe the global pattern of water scarcity shown on the map [3]

trends in water use

  1. Add information to your map for trends in water use between 1995 and 2025


  1. Compare and contrast physical water scarcity and economic water scarcity (see definitions on page above)
  2. Explain why hot, arid areas may not be water scarce (think about low consumption and low population densities in these regions)
  3. Suggest two environmental and two human factors influencing water scarcity

case study: california drought 2014

California is America's most valuable agricultural state and the third largest petroleum state. Both of these activities require high amounts of water. California is, in places, also one of America's driest states.


TASK: Draw a simple sketch map of California and label 3 main cities. Draw a box around your map and add a title. [5 mins]


TASK: Add information about precipitation to your base map of California.


environmental causes

El Nino


california's drought explained


human causes and impacts


fracking worsens california's drought


exam question

Examine the view that human activity is responsible for water scarcity. (15 marks)